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The detailed difference between PTFE membrane and PVDF membrane in internal structure and performanc

Issuing time:2023-05-23 10:59

PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) and PVDF (polyvinylidene fluoride) are both polymer membranes, but their internal structures and performance characteristics are different. Here, we will discuss their differences in terms of internal structure and performance.
PVDF PTFE membrane structure.jpg

1. Internal structure
PTFE is a fluoropolymer with a linear structure consisting of carbon atoms surrounded by fluorine atoms. Strong fluorine bonds give PTFE excellent chemical resistance and thermal stability. The internal structure of PTFE membrane has a highly porous fiber network and a tortuous pore structure. This allows for excellent airflow with minimal resistance to fluid flow. PVDF is a semi-crystalline fluoropolymer with a more complex internal structure than PTFE. It consists of alternating CH2 and CF2 monomers and has good chemical resistance and mechanical strength. The internal structure of PVDF membrane may vary depending on the manufacturing process, and it usually has a more uniform and symmetrical pore structure than PTFE membrane, so it has certain advantages in precision filtration.

2. Chemical resistance
PTFE is known for its excellent chemical resistance, making it suitable for extreme environments and aggressive chemicals. PVDF also has good chemical resistance, but is not as resistant to certain chemicals, such as strong bases and oxidizing agents, as PTFE membranes.
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3. Thermal stability
PTFE is more thermally stable than PVDF and has a continuous service temperature range of -200°C to 260°C (-328°F to 500°F). PVDF has a lower temperature range, typically around -40°C to 150°C (-40°F to 302°F), making it less suitable for high-temperature applications.

4. Mechanical strength
Compared to PTFE, PVDF has higher mechanical strength and toughness, making it more resistant to physical stress and wear. This can be advantageous in applications where the membrane is subjected to mechanical stress, for example in backwash or high pressure filtration systems.

5. Hydrophobic
Both PTFE and PVDF membranes are hydrophobic, but PTFE is generally considered to be more hydrophobic than PVDF. This makes PTFE membranes more resistant to moisture, which can be an advantage in some applications such as air filtration and ventilation. However, PVDF membranes can be used for water-based filtration by surface modification to make them hydrophilic.

6. Biocompatibility
PVDF is generally considered more biocompatible than PTFE, making it more suitable for applications involving biological samples, such as protein and nucleic acid purification. PTFE may adsorb proteins and other biomolecules, which can be problematic in some applications.

7. Cost
PTFE membranes are mostly made by stretching and sintering PTFE resin, and the production cost is relatively high.
Whereas PVDF membranes are made by casting a PVDF polymer solution onto a support layer, which is a faster and less expensive process than PTFE membrane manufacturing. Therefore, in terms of cost, PVDF membranes are generally cheaper than PTFE membranes due to differences in manufacturing processes.

PTFE and PVDF membranes have different internal structures and performance characteristics. PTFE is known for its superior chemical resistance and thermal stability, while PVDF has higher mechanical strength, better biocompatibility and a more consistent pore structure. The choice between PTFE and PVDF membranes is important to consider the specific needs of the customer and their application, the cost-benefit trade-off between PTFE and PVDF membranes needs to be evaluated to ensure we provide the best solution for our customers.

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